A corneal transplant involves replacing a diseased or scarred cornea with a new one. When the cornea becomes cloudy, light cannot penetrate the eye to reach the light sensitive retina. Poor vision or blindness may result. The corneas are usually donated from an eye bank for this procedure, and eye drops are needed after the surgery.
When possible, the eye care specialists on the medical staff at Baylor Scott & White Health will do a partial replacement of the cornea such as an endothelial keratoplasty or anterior lamellar keratoplasty. These newer surgeries are usually safer and result in quicker return of vision. However, many conditions are still best managed with a full thickness corneal transplant called a penetrating keratoplasty.