Overview of Heart Attack
A heart attack, or myocardial infarction, occurs when the heart muscle experiences a severe or prolonged lack of oxygen caused by blocked blood flow. The blockage is often a result of atherosclerosis – a buildup of plaque made up of fat deposits, cholesterol and other substances. When a plaque ruptures, a blood clot quickly forms, causing a heart attack.
Heart Attack Treatment
If you or someone you know shows any of warning signs of a heart attack, act immediately and call 911. Immediate treatment for a heart attack is important to preserve heart muscle function.
Treatment plans for patients will be determined by their care team based on age, medical history, type and stage of heart attack and personal preferences. Options may include:
- Physical Therapy
- Intravenous Therapy
- Rest/Lifestyle Changes
- Balloon angioplasty/Laser angioplasty
- Coronary artery stent
- Coronary artery bypass
Specialized Centers for Heart Attack Care
Several of our Baylor Scott & White medical centers have received Chest Pain Accreditation from the Society of Cardiovascular Patient Care, recognizing their ability to rapidly diagnose and treat those who arrive at the hospital with symptoms of a heart attack.
After a heart attack, you may benefit from cardiac rehabilitation. Cardiac rehabilitation is a program designed to help improve your overall health by identifying and reducing the risk factors that lead to cardiovascular disease.
Find a Cardiac Rehabilitation Location