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Dementia causes and symptoms

Dementia is a general term for a number of related brain issues that impact patients by causing confusion and making it hard to remember, communicate, form complete thoughts or otherwise reason. Although dementia can be caused by many different conditions, Alzheimer’s disease is the most common.

Dementia often starts with mild impacts on memory, reasoning, language skills and personality that get worse as nerve cells in the brain are damaged and parts of the brain begin to shrink. It is most common in the elderly.

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Dementia treatment options

Although there is no cure for dementia, receiving ongoing, skilled care is essential to helping patients function at as high a level as they are able for as long as they are able. Dementia treatment can slow the progression of symptoms like memory loss and help ease communication, behavioral and sleep problems. Based on the stage of the condition and each patient’s unique circumstances, treatment may include:

  • Medication​
  • Lifestyle changes – activities and exercise
  • Clinical trials (when appropriate)​
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Specialized care centers

Please select the center you would like to visit on the left.
Baylor Scott & White Neur​​oscienc​​​e Institute
A nationally recognized team who specializes in Alzheimer's disease diagnosis and treatment is available at the Baylor Scott & White Neuroscience Institute in Temple, Texas. Our medical professionals include neurologists and neuropsychologists. Working together, they can help determine if you have Alzheimer's disease or possibly another type of dementia.
AT&T Memory Center
Baylor Neuroscience Center's AT&T Memory Center is an outpatient program located in Dallas. The sole purpose of the center is to help the patient by evaluating their memory and determining if they have a memory disorder.​​​
Find comprehensive neuroscience care
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