Overview of Infertility
Infertility is the inability to get pregnant or conceive, typically after one year of unprotected sex. There are a number of factors that may contribute to infertility, so visiting a specialist may help.
Some commonly-treated conditions related to infertility include:
Endometriosis – when the tissue that normally lines the inside of a woman's uterus grows somewhere else. Commonly involves ovaries, bowel or tissue lining the pelvis.
- Reproductive tract abnormalities – both acquired and developmental issues with reproductive organs.
- Neuroendocrine dysfunction – a variety of conditions caused by imbalances in the body's hormone production directly related to the brain.
- Ovulatory dysfunction – irregular or absent ovulation (the release of an egg from the ovary) needed for pregnancy to occur. This is one of the more frequent causes of female infertility.
- Recurrent pregnancy loss – defined by two or more failed pregnancies with an unknown cause.
Before you begin treatment at Baylor Scott & White Health, your physician on the medical staff will explore all available options and help you decide on your treatment path, which could include assisted reproductive technologies.
Treatment plans for patients will be determined by their care team based on age, medical history, stage of infertility and personal preferences. Options may include:
- Fertility medications
- Surgery (to treat things like endometriosis, fibroids, etc.)
- Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
- In Vitro fertilization (IVF)
- Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection
- Assisted hatching and cryopreservation of pre-implantation embryos and sperm cells
- Embryo and semen storage (cryopreservation)
- Using donor eggs and embryos
- Diagnosis and treatment of male infertility
- Vasectomy reversal