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Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

About traumatic brain injury (TBI)

After an injury, certain parts of the brain may not work optimally. The full effects of a brain injury may not appear for months or even years and typically depend on the severity and the number of brain injuries, as well as the time in between the injuries. ​​

The most common causes of a TBI are:

  • Falls
  • Blunt accidental trauma
  • Motor vehicle accidents
  • Assault

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) treatment


Sometimes, severe head injuries cause bleeding on the brain that requires immediate surgery. In certain cases, the injured person will be watched closely and taken for surgery only if injuries become worse. Minor head trauma may need little treatment beyond pain control.

Treatment plans for patients will be determined by their care team based on age, medical history, type and stage of head trauma and personal preferences.

  • Craniotomy​
  • Medication
  • Physical therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Speech pathology
  • Clinical trials​ (when appropria​​te)
  • Specialized treatment center for traumatic brain injury (TBI)

    Baylor Scott & White Institute for Rehabilitation – Dallas is one of only 16 facilities nationwide designated as a model system of care for patients with traumatic brain injuries by the National Institute on Disability and Rehabilitation Research.

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