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Expert urology and urogynecologic care

Good urological health is vital to your quality of life.

Urology is the study of the urinary tract and male reproductive organs, while urogynecology is the term for the specialty that deals with incontinence in women, specifically the loss of bladder or bowel control. From essential prostate cancer screenings to innovative treatments for urinary incontinence, Baylor Scott & White Health is committed to caring for your urology and urogynecology concerns.

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Urological conditions treated

The healthcare professionals on staff at Baylor Scott & White treat many common urologic and urogynecologic conditions

  • Bladder cancer
  • Kidney stones
  • Prostate cancer
  • Overflow incontinence
  • Stress incontinence
  • Urge incontinence

Bladder cancer

Bladder cancer is the fourth most common type of cancer in men. It starts in the cells that line the inside of the bladder and grows slowly.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are one of the most common disorders of the urinary tract. They are small, hard masses that form in the kidneys when minerals and other materials in the urine crystallize.

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is very common in men, especially older men. It is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells are found in the prostate gland. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located just below the urinary bladder and in front of the rectum in males.

Overflow incontinence

Overflow incontinence is the most common type of incontinence in men. It is caused by a blockage in the urethra that prevents urine from draining completely from the bladder. This can lead to a build-up of urine in the bladder, which causes leakage.

Stress incontinence

Stress incontinence is the most common type of incontinence in women. It is caused by a problem with the sphincter that controls when urine flows from the bladder. During stress incontinence, pressure on the abdomen, such as from laughing or exercising, causes a sudden increase in pressure in  the bladder that leaks urine.

Urge incontinence

Urge incontinence is a sudden, strong urge to urinate that is difficult to control. It is the second most common type of incontinence in women. It is often caused by damage to the nerves or muscles around the bladder.

Other urological conditions t​​reated

  • Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
  • Bladder disorders
  • Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR)
  • Interstitial cystitis
  • Metabolic stone disease
  • Kidney disorders
  • Penile disorders
  • Prostate disorders
  • Testis disorders
  • Undescended testicles (cryptorchidism)
  • Voiding dysfunction
  • Uteral disorders
  • Urethral disorders
  • Urethral stricture disease
  • Male reproductive system disorders (incudes ED and infertility)
  • Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)

Prostate Cancer 101

What you need to know about prostate cancer and what to expect during your screening

Urological treatments and services

The urologists and urogynecologists on our medical staff offer evaluation, consultation and medical and surgical treatment of urologic disorders using innovative methodologies.

  • Cystoscopy
  • Kidney biopsy
  • Ultrasound
  • Ureteroscopy


A cystoscope is a thin, lighted tube with lenses that your doctor passes into your bladder through the urethra to see inside.

Kidney biopsy

A kidney biopsy is a procedure in which a small piece of tissue from the kidney is removed and examined under a microscope.


This test uses sound waves to make images of structures in the body and can analyze anatomy or blood flow. 


This procedure is used to help diagnose and treat problems within the ureters, such as a kidney stone. A ureteroscope is a thin, lighted tube that your doctor passes through your urinary tract.

Other urology treatments and services

  • Complex stone surgery
  • The Gas Vas™
  • Holmium laser enucleation of the prostate (HoLEP)
  • Laser prostatectomy (GreenLight™ Laserscope)
  • Microwave thermotherapy
  • Penile prosthesis
  • Prostate seed therapy
  • Sacral nerve stimulation (InterStim)
  • Vasectomy/no scalpel vasectomy
  • Vasectomy reversal
  • Brachytherapy
  • Sonography

Researching tomorrow's treatments

Our team is involved in urology research and ongoing clinical trials to bring new urology treatments to the forefront. The Baylor Scott & White Research Institute (BSWRI) conducts clinical trials and research studies across 50 different focus areas. In addition to urological studies, BSWRI’s research includes studies on cancer, kidney and liver diseases, and variety of other conditions. Our team strives to help bring innovation and potential new treatment options from the research environment to the patient bedside.


Incontinence is not normal

Leakage is common, but not normal. Get the facts, then speak to your doctor

Pelvic floor therapy

Pelvic floor muscle weakness and tension contribute to pelvic pain and incontinence. Postural and joint alignment problems can prevent your muscles from working optimally for you.

Our pelvic floor physical therapists may be able to help you if you're experiencing:

  • Loss of bladder control
  • Loss of bowel control
  • Frequent urination
  • Constipation
  • Difficulty emptying bladder
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Pelvic pain
  • Bladder prolapse
  • Painful bladder syndrome


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