What is congenital heart disease?

When the heart or blood vessels near the heart do not develop normally before birth, a condition called congenital heart defect occurs.

Congenital heart diseases occur in close to 1% of infants, and most young people with congenital heart defects are living into adulthood now.

Common congenital heart diseases we treat

  • Aortic stenosis (AS)
  • Pulmonary stenosis (PS)
  • Bicuspid aortic valve
  • Subaortic stenosis coarctation of the aorta (coarct)
  • Atrial septal defect (ASD)
  • Ventricular septal defects (VSD)
  • Tetralogy of Fallot
  • Tricuspid atresia
  • Transposition of the great arteries (TGA)
  • Hypoplastic left heart syndrome (HLHS)
  • Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA)
  • Ebstein's anomaly

Congenital heart disease treatment options

If you or your child has a congenital heart problem, you'll be monitored by a cardiologist on the medical staff at Baylor Scott & White Health. In order to maintain wellness, it is important that those born with a heart defect continue heart care into adulthood.

Treatment plans for patients will be determined by their care team based on age, medical history, type and stage of congenital heart disease and personal preferences.

Congenital heart disease treatment options may include:


  • Digoxin
  • Diuretics
  • ACE inhibitors


  • Valvotomy
  • Valvectomy
  • Patch enlargement
  • Pulmonary valve replacement
  • Balloon dilation or valvuloplasty
  • Interventional cardiac catheterization

Specialized pediatric congenital heart disease hospital

Baylor Scott & White McLane Children's Medical Center – Temple has pediatric cardiologists on the medical staff who monitor and treat congenital heart defects in children.

Learn more about our pediatric center in Temple, TX