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​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Overview of Knee Ligament Injuries

There are four major ligaments in the knee. Ligaments are elastic bands of tissue that connect bones to each other and provide stability and strength to the joint. The ​four main ligaments in the knee connect the thighbone to the shin bone, and include:

  • Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)
  • Posterior cruciate ligament (PCL)
  • Medial collateral ligament (MCL)
  • Lateral collateral ligament (LCL)

All of these ligaments can be injured by being stretched too far or tearing because of a sudden twist of motion.​​

Knee Ligament Injury Treatment

Treatment for your injury may or may not involve surgery. Baylor Scott & White Health offers many options for knee injury treatment, from physical therapy to advanced surgical procedures.

Treatment plans for patients will be determined by their care team based on age, medical history, type and stage of knee ligament injuries and personal preferences. Options may include:

  • Medication
  • Physical therapy
  • Surgery
    • MCL Surgery
    • ACL Surgery​​
  • Pain Management
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