Effective and precise minimally invasive robotic surgery

Robotic surgery—also called robotic-assisted surgery—is a proven technique in which a surgeon performs minimally invasive surgery using a computer console to control very small instruments and a high-resolution camera attached to robotic arms.

Some benefits of robotic surgery may include shorter hospital stays, less pain and a lower risk for infection due to the less invasive nature of the procedure.

Several Baylor Scott & White Health Medical Centers offer robot-assisted surgery services, including da Vinci robotic surgery, a major breakthrough in minimally invasive surgical capabilities, that uses the da Vinci® Surgical System.

Conditions treated

Robot-assisted surgery is available as an alternative to traditional open and laparoscopic surgeries for many conditions.

  • Colon and rectal
  • General surgery
    • Adrenal gland tumors (benign)
    • Gallbladder disease
    • Gallstones
    • Hernia repair (hiatal and inguinal hernias)
    • Obesity
  • Gynecology
    • Endometriosis
    • Abnormal bleeding
    • Uterine conditions requiring a hysterectomy
    • Uterine fibroids (benign tumors)
    • Vaginal prolapse
  • Hip and knee
    • Total knee replacement
    • Partial knee replacement
    • Total hip replacement
    • Partial hip replacement
    • Hip arthroscopy
    • Shoulder joint replacement
    • Shoulder arthroscopy

    Learn more about our robotic-assisted hip and knee procedures

  • Thoracic
    • Some kinds of lung cancer
    • Esophageal cancer
    • Esophageal diverticula (pouches)
    • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
    • Achalasia (swallowing disorder)
    • Mediastinal cysts and tumors (in the middle of the chest area)
    • Myasthenia gravis (an autoimmune disorder)
  • Transplant
    • Kidney recipient transplantation
    • Living liver donation
    • Living kidney donation
    • Living uterus donation

    Learn more about robotic transplant surgery

  • Urology
    • Prostate cancer
    • Kidney cancer
    • Urinary obstruction
    • Bladder cancer
    • Bladder diverticulum

Benefits of robotic surgery

Robot-assisted surgery gives your surgeon greater precision and control over the surgical instruments than is possible with human movement alone. Compared to open surgery, benefits of robotic surgery can include:

  • Less pain and blood loss
  • Less scarring, due to tiny surgical incisions
  • Shorter recovery time and hospital stay
  • Quicker return to your daily activities
  • Lower rate of surgical complications
  • More precise implant placement

da Vinci surgical system for minimally invasive treatment of complex conditions

The da Vinci Surgical System is used for minimally invasive surgeries treating complex conditions, such as cardiac, thoracic, gynecological, urologic, and head and neck procedures.

The da Vinci system has four arms to hold a camera, two instruments, a 3D high-definition vision system and foot pedals.

During a da Vinci robotic surgery, the surgeon manipulates the arms and instruments with controls that can be adjusted by small degrees of precision. Each instrument contains a tiny camera that can bend and rotate, which enables the surgeon to view low-visibility areas.

Mako robotic-arm assisted surgery addresses partial and full joint replacements

Mako robotic-arm assisted orthopedic surgery is used for orthopedic surgeries that involve partial and full joint replacements.

The technology is used to cut away damaged bone and cartilage, and when needed, replacing joints with artificial components comprised of metal alloys, polymers, and high-grade plastics.

Before surgery a tomography (CT) scan is done to assist in planning how much bone should be removed. The scan also aids in maximizing the accuracy of the alignment and placement of the implant.

Mako robotic-arm assisted surgery provides tactile, visual and auditory feedback to assist the surgeon in achieving the desired orientation, resulting in enhanced stability and mobility.