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​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​Overview of Congenital Heart Disease

When the heart or blood vessels near the heart do not develop normally before birth, a condition called congenital heart defect occurs. Congenital heart defects occur in close to one percent of infants, and most young people with congenital heart defects are living into adulthood now. Common congenital heart conditions include:

  • Aortic Stenosis​ (AS)
  • Pulmonary Stenosis​ (PS)
  • Bicuspid aortic valve
  • Subaortic Stenosis Coarctation of the aorta (coarct)
  • Atrial Septal Defect​ (ASD)
  • Ventricular Septal Defects​ (VSD)
  • Tetralogy of Fallot​
  • Tricuspid Atresia​
  • Transposition of the Great Arteries​ (TGA)
  • Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome​ (HLHS)
  • Patent Ductus Arteriosus​ (PDA)
  • Ebstein's Anomaly​

Congenital Heart Disease Treatment

If you or your child has a congenital heart problem, you'll be monitored by a cardiologist on the medical staff at Baylor Scott & White Health. In order to maintain wellness, it is important that those born with a heart defect continue heart care into adulthood.

Treatment plans for patients will be determined by their care team based on age, medical history, type and stage of congenital heart disease and personal preferences. Options may include:

  • Medicine​
    • Digoxin
    • Diuretics
    • ACE inhibitors
  • Surgery
    • Valvotomy
    • Valvectomy
    • Patch enlargement
    • Pulmonary valve replacement
    • Balloon dilation or valvuloplasty
    • Interventional cardiac catheterization
    • Blalock-Taussig shunt
    • Glenn shunt
    • Fontan procedure
    • Transcatheter coil closure of the PDA​
    • Surgical closure of the PDA
    • Keyhole surgery​

Specialized Centers for Congenital Heart Defects

McLane Children's Scott & White Hospital – Temple has pediatric cardiologists​ ​​on the medical staff who monitor and treat congenital heart defects in children.

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