Overview of Heart Valve Disease
There are four valves that regulate the flow of blood within the heart: two on the left side (the aortic and mitral valves) and two on the right side (the pulmonary and tricuspid valves).
Most heart valve problems that require surgery or intervention involve the aortic and mitral valves, although problems with the other two valves can be treated.
Heart valve disorders can be caused by leaking (insufficiently or regurgitation) of the valves or narrowing (stenosis) of the valves.
When heart valves fail to open and close properly, the effects on the heart can be serious, possibly impairing the heart's ability to pump blood efficiently through the body. Heart valve problems are one cause of heart failure.
Heart Valve Diseases
Some common heart valve diseases are:
- Bicuspid aortic valve
- Mitral valve prolapse causing insufficiency or regurgitation
- Mitral valve stenosis
- Aortic valve stenosis
- Aortic valve regurgitation or insufficiency
- Tricuspid valve regurgitation
- Pulmonary valve regurgitation
Heart Valve Disease Treatment
In some cases, the best treatment for heart valve disease may be careful supervision and medical therapy. However, other treatment options may include surgery to repair or replace the valve. Newer techniques are now available using catheters threaded through a blood vessel in the leg to treat many heart valve problems without open surgery.
Treatment plans for patients will be determined by their care team based on age, medical history, type and stage of valve disease and disorder and personal preferences. Options may include:
- Aortic valve repair and replacement
- Mitral valve repair and replacement*
- Balloon valvuloplasty
- Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)
- Minimally invasive aortic and mitral valve surgery
- Transcatheter mitral valve repair (MitraClip) and replacement (TMVR)
Clinical Trials (when appropriate)
*Offered at the following locations: Baylor University Medical Center, part of Baylor Scott & White Health, Baylor Scott & White Heart and Vascular Hospital, Baylor Scott & White The Heart Hospital – Plano, Baylor Scott & White Medical Center – Round Rock and Scott & White Medical Center – Temple
Specialized Centers for Heart Valve Care
Baylor Scott & White All Saints Medical Center – Fort Worth provides quality care for a range of heart and vascular conditions.
The Center for Aortic Disease located in Temple, Texas, provides specialized care for aortic valve conditions.
Center for Valve Disorders, a part of Baylor Heart and Vascular Services at Dallas, provides comprehensive evaluation, diagnosis and treatment for patients with any type of structural heart disease including specialty clinics for aortic valve disease, mitral valve disease, complex aortic vascular disease and heart failure.
The Heart Valve Center of Texas, located at Baylor Scott & White The Heart Hospital – Plano, offers a multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach providing therapy for patients with complex heart valve disorders. including specialty clinics for aortic valve disease, mitral valve disease, complex aortic vascular disease and heart failure.
The Mitral Valve Disease Center, a part of Baylor Heart and Vascular Services at Forth Worth, offers a multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach providing evaluation, diagnosis and treatment for patients with mitral valve disease.