Stroke symptoms require immediate care

Stroke is a medical emergency that occurs when a blood vessel in the brain becomes blocked (ischemic stroke) or breaks (hemorrhagic stroke). During a stroke, nearly two million brain cells die every minute, which makes getting the right care fast critical to limiting long-term disability or even saving life.

Baylor Scott & White Health offers advanced stroke care quickly through our emergency departments and stroke centers across North and Central Texas.

In many cases, a medication to eliminate blockages and restore blood flow (thrombolytic therapy) can be given, but it must be administered shortly after stroke symptoms begin. Other treatment and recovery options for a stroke may include:

  • Medication
  • Procedures
    • Carotid endarterectomy
    • Carotid stenting
    • Craniotomy
    • Patent foramen ovale closure
    • Surgery to repair aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations
    • Thrombectomy
  • Physical, occupational and speech therapy

Risk factors for stroke

Chances of having a stroke can increase based on certain factors.

Stroke treatment options

There is no cure for stroke once it has occurred, but advanced medical and surgical stroke treatments are available. These can help reduce your risk for another stroke.

Treatment for stroke is most effective when started right away, so it's important to know the signs of stroke and call 911 immediately if you suspect a stroke.

Treatment plans for patients will be determined by their care team based on age, medical history, type of stroke and personal preferences.

Learn more about neuroscience care

Treatment options

  • Medication
  • Thrombolytic therapy
  • Rehabilitation
  • Physical therapy
  • Occupational therapy
  • Speech therapy
  • Surgery
  • Carotid endarterectomy
  • Carotid stenting
  • Craniotomy
  • Patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure
  • Surgery to repair aneurysms and arteriovenous malformations (AVMs)

Telestroke care

Many smaller Baylor Scott & White community hospital emergency departments have immediate access to neurologists specializing in stroke care 24/7 through telemedicine. This technology allows a stroke specialist at one of our major stroke care facilities to examine a suspected stroke patient via video call and guide their treatment.

With telestroke technology, medical staff in the emergency department can:

  • Consult with a board-certified vascular neurologist (within five minutes of neurologist being paged)
  • Administer Alteplase, a clot-busting medication, under the guidance of a board-certified vascular neurologist via video
  • Initiate patient transfer to a Baylor Scott & White comprehensive stroke center if a higher level of care is needed
  • Screen patients who have experienced stroke symptoms within the last 24 hours for all types of acute strokes

B.E.F.A.S.T. if you suspect a stroke

Knowing the signs of a stroke is one of the keys to successful recovery. Rashedul Hasan, MD, a vascular neurologist associated with Baylor Scott & White Health, discusses what to do when someone is having a stroke, common misconceptions about stroke and the latest breakthroughs in stroke treatment.

Watch the stroke webinar