This type of drug works by affecting the DNA of cells. It causes changes that prevent the cells from dividing and multiplying.
Alkylating agents were one of the first types of chemo drugs developed to fight cancer.
These types of chemotherapy drugs affect cancer cells, specifically when they are dividing.
They mimic normal substances found in the DNA and RNA and prevent cells from copying their DNA. This means the cells are unable to divide.
This group of drugs is made from chemicals that are derived from microorganisms.
But despite their name, they don’t work the same as antibiotics for an infection. Instead, they affect enzymes that are part of the cell division process so that cancer cells can’t reproduce.
This type of chemotherapy works by blocking a type of enzyme (called topoisomerase) that allows DNA strands to break apart and be copied.
When this process is blocked, cells can’t divide and spread.
Mitotic inhibitors are made from plant sources.
They help affect the cell division process so that rapidly multiplying cancer cells are no longer able to divide.