Muscle tension and strain
Long periods of poor posture, often due to desk work or extended phone use, can strain your neck muscles. Sedentary lifestyles, excessive use of electronic devices and poor ergonomics can also contribute to neck pain. Slouching while using a computer, frequently looking down at a smartphone or sitting for prolonged periods can put stress on your neck. Additionally, emotional stress can cause muscle tension and neck pain.
Accidents and sports-related injuries are frequent causes of neck pain. Whiplash results from an
abrupt forward and backward movement of the neck and is commonly experienced after a car
accident. Impact injuries, such as falling while playing sports, can lead to strains or fractures in the
neck. Proper diagnosis and early treatment are crucial for recovery in these cases.
As we age, our necks may experience degenerative changes. Conditions like osteoarthritis and
cervical spondylosis lead to the gradual breakdown of cartilage in the neck's joints. This wear and
tear can result in neck pain and reduced mobility. Treating these conditions involves a combination
of pain management, lifestyle adjustments and physical therapy.
A herniated or bulging disc in the cervical spine can compress nearby nerves, leading to neck pain
and radiating symptoms down the arms. This condition often requires medical intervention.
Treatment can include physical therapy, pain management, and, in severe cases, surgery to relieve
the pressure on the nerves.
Structural issues like bone spurs, herniated discs or spinal stenosis can lead to pinched nerves in the
neck, causing radiating pain, tingling, numbness and weakness in the arms. Treatments often involve
addressing the underlying structural issues and physical therapy to restore nerve function.
Referred pain occurs when you sense discomfort in a location other than where the problem occurs. For example, individuals might feel neck pain due to issues in neighboring areas like the
shoulders, upper back or jaw. Conditions such as shoulder bursitis or temporomandibular joint
disorders can cause referred neck pain.