"Many patients with PAD in their lower extremities experience painful muscle cramping in their hips, thighs or calves when walking, climbing stairs or exercising," said Dr. Eidt. "In severe cases, leg pain may persist even after finishing exercise. Other signs are wounds on the feet or toes that heal slowly or not at all, gangrene or a significant difference in the temperature of one lower leg or foot when compared to the other."
For people experiencing peripheral artery disease symptoms or with a family history of vascular disease, Baylor Scott & White Heart and Vascular Hospital – Dallas PAD specialists have various diagnostic techniques, most of them non-invasive and painless. The most common is the Ankle-Brachial Index (ABI), which compares blood pressure in the feet with blood pressure in the arm to evaluate blood flow through the body. Other methods involve sophisticated imaging procedures.