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Heart Valve Disease

About heart valve disease

There are four valves that regulate the flow of blood within the heart: two on the left side (the aortic and mitral valves) and two on the right side (the pulmonary and tricuspid valves). 

Most heart valve problems that require surgery or intervention involve the aortic and mitral valves, although problems with the other two valves can be treated. 

Heart valve disorders can be caused by leaking (insufficiently or regurgitation) of the valves or narrowing (stenosis) of the valves. 

​When heart valves fail to open and close properly, the effects on the heart can be serious, possibly impairing the heart's ability to pump blood efficiently through the body. Heart valve problems are one cause of heart failure.

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Common heart valve diseases we treat​

 

 

  • Bicuspid aortic valve​
  • Mitral valve prolapse causing insufficiency or regurgitation​
  • Mitral valve stenosis
  • Aortic valve stenosis​
  • Aortic valve regurgitation or insufficiency 
  • Tricuspid valve regurgitation​
  • Pulmonary valve regurgitation​

Heart valve disease treatment

 
 

In some cases, the best treatment for heart valve disease may be careful supervision and medical therapy. However, other treatment options may include surgery to repair or replace the valve. Newer techniques are now available using catheters threaded through a blood vessel in the leg to treat many heart valve problems without open surgery.​

Treatment plans for patients will be determined by their care team based on age, medical history, type and stage of valve disease and disorder and personal preferences. Options may include:

  • Medicine​
  • Surgery/Intervention*​
    • Aortic valve repair and replacement
    • Mitral valve repair and replacement*
    • Balloon valvuloplasty​
    • Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR)​
    • Minimally invasive aortic and mitral valve surgery
    • Transcatheter mitral valve repair (MitraClip) and replacement (TMVR)
  • Clinical trials (when appropriate)

*Offered at the following locations: Baylor University Medical Center, part of Baylor Scott & White Health, Baylor Scott & White Heart and Vascular Hospital, Baylor Scott & White The Heart Hospital – Plano, Baylor Scott & White Medical Center – Round Rock and Scott & White Medical Center – Temple​

Specialized centers
Baylor Scott & White All Saints Medical Center – Fort Worth
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Baylor Scott & White All Saints Medical Center – Fort Worth provides quality care for a range of heart and vascular conditions. Visit location
Center for Aortic Disease
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The Center for Aortic Disease located in Temple, Texas, provides specialized care for aortic valve conditions. Visit location
Center for Valve Disorders
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The ​Center for Valve Dis​or​ders at Baylor Scott & White Heart and Vascular Hospital – Dallas provides comprehensive evaluation, diagnosis and treatment for patients with any type of structural heart disease including specialty clinics for aortic valve disease, mitral valve disease, complex aortic vascular disease and heart failure. Visit location
Heart Valve Center of Texas
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The Heart Valve Center of Texas, located at Baylor Scott & White The Heart Hospital – Plano, offers a multidisciplinary and comprehensive approach providing therapy for patients with complex heart valve disorders.​ including specialty clinics for aortic valve disease, mitral valve disease, complex aortic vascular disease and heart failure. Visit location
Valve Disorders Center
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The Valve Disorders Center, part of Tarrant County’s only comprehensive Structural Heart Disease Program at Baylor Scott & White Heart and Vascular Hospital – Fort Worth offers a multidisciplinary and​ comprehensive approach for patients by providing evaluation, diagnosis and treatments for patients with advanced cardiovascular disease including aortic stenosis and mitral valve disease. Visit location
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