What is the anorectal disease? Anorectal diseases occur in the anal and rectal portions of the large intestine. The most common diseases are hemorrhoids, tears, anal abscess, fissure, and fistula. Most people experience some form of the anorectal disease in their lifetime. Symptoms include itchiness, burning, blood and swelling around the rectum and anus. Treatments can vary so please consult your doctor for the best option for you.
Here is a list of anorectal diseases:
- Pilonidal disease
- Transanal excision
Colon and Rectal Cancer
Colon cancer – Like most cancers, colon cancer begins with the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to the other parts of the body. Cells join together in the tissues of the colon forming polyps which can then become cancerous growths. Symptoms include a change in bowel habits including diarrhea or constipation, rectal bleeding, blood in your stool, abdominal discomfort or bloating, the feeling of not being able to empty the bowel completely, fatigue, loss of appetite, and weight loss. Early detection is key in preventing colon cancer. It is recommended to receive regular screening tests starting at the age of 50, but people who have a family history should start sooner. Rectal cancer is cancer that forms in the final portion of the large intestine. Symptoms are similar to colon cancer such as different bowel habits than usual, diarrhea, constipation, rectal bleeding, and change in the size of the shape in stool. Early stages may not show symptoms so it is vital for all patients to receive a screening starting at the age of 50.
Colon/Rectal Cancer Procedures:
- Laparoscopic Resection
- Robotic resection
Diverticulitis occurs when small bulging sacs or pouches of the inner lining of the intestine become inflamed of infected. This happens when feces get trapped in the pouches allowing bacteria to grow, leading to infection. Symptoms include fever, bloating, gas, diarrhea, constipation, nausea, and loss of appetite. The severity of symptoms depends on the extent of the infection.
Lower GI endoscopy allows your doctor to view your lower gastrointestinal (GI) tract. Your entire colon and rectum can be examined (colonoscopy). Or just the rectum and sigmoid colon can be examined (sigmoidoscopy).
Below are types of endoscopy procedures we perform.
Inflammatory bowel disease
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of conditions affecting the colon and small intestine. It is the inflammation of a patient’s digestive tract. The main types of IBD are Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Crohn’s disease is the inflammation of any part of the gastro tract from mouth to the anus but often affects the small intestine. Ulcerative colitis is the inflammation of the large intestine and/or the rectum. Symptoms of these two IBD diseases are similar. These include abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, rectal bleeding, constipation, loss of appetite, fever, severe internal cramps in the region of the pelvis, and weight loss.
Procedures for inflammatory bowel disease:
- Laparoscopic Colon Resection with ileoanal pouch
Your rectum is the lower part of your colon, where stool forms. If the rectum drops out of its normal place within the body and pushes out of the anal opening, the condition is called rectal prolapse.
Rectal prolapse is usually caused by a weakening of the muscles that support the rectum. In the early stages, a prolapse may happen only after a bowel movement. The protruding rectum may then slip back through the anal canal on its own. Over time, however, the prolapse may become more severe and could require surgery.