Aplastic anemia is a condition where the body does not produce enough red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets.
Bone and soft tissue cancer
Soft tissue makes up muscles, tendons, blood vessels, fat, nerves and deep skin tissues. Sarcoma is cancer which occurs when cells begin to multiply at a fast rate.
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Brain and central nervous cancer occurs when there is an abnormal growth of cells that start in the brain. There are several types of brain and central nervous cancer.
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Breast cancer occurs when the cells in the breast grow abnormally. Once breast cancer starts, it can spread to other parts of the body. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women.
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Cervical cancer occurs when cells in the cervix start to grow abnormally. There are several types of cervical cancer, but the most common forms are squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.
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Colon and rectal cancer occurs when the cells in either the colon or rectum start to grow out of control. It usually begins as a polyp or growth of tissue. It is the third most common form of cancer for both men and women.
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There are different types of non-melanoma skin cancer, such as basal cell carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, Merkel cell carcinoma, cutaneous T-cell lymphoma and Kaposi sarcoma.
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Esophageal cancer is when the cells in any part of the esophagus begin to abnormally grow at a fast rate. There are two types of esophageal cancer, squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.
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Gastrointestinal cancer involves cancer in all parts of the GI tract including the pancreas, colon and rectum, liver, esophagus, stomach, gallbladder and bile duct, and anus.
Gynecologic cancer is an uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells that originate from the reproductive organs.
Head and neck cancers
Head and neck cancer is an abnormal growth of cells that start in the head or neck region. This type of cancer can occur in the larynx, nasal cavity, oral cavity, paranasal sinuses, pharynx or salivary glands.
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Hodgkin lymphoma spreads in a predictable pattern and can spread to other organs in the body. These cancer cells only make up a small part of the cells in a cancerous lymph node.
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Leukemia is cancer of the body's blood-forming tissues, including the bone marrow and the lymphatic system.
Liver cancer is when cells in the liver grow at an abnormal pace. It is not the same as cancers that start somewhere else in the body and then spread to the liver.
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Lung and other thoracic cancers
Lung cancer usually starts in the lining of the bronchi when cells in the tissue begin to grow rapidly. This can also start in other areas of the lungs, such as the bronchioles or alveoli. This is the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women.
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Melanoma is the rarest form of skin cancer. Melanoma occurs when skin cells called melanocytes begin to grow rapidly and abnormally. This type of skin cancer is most likely to spread to other areas of the body.
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Multiple myeloma is a rare cancer that begins in a type of white blood cell called the plasma cell.
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Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is cells that begin to grow abnormally in the lymphatic system.
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The ovaries have several layers of cells that make up the organs. Ovarian cancer is when cells in any of these layers begin to grow at a rapid and uncontrollable rate.
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Pancreatic cancer occurs when a cell in the pancreas is damaged and this malignant (cancer) cell starts to grow out of control.
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Prostate cancer is when cells in the prostate change and grow out of control. These cells may form a tumor, noncancerous growth, atypical cells, cancer and metastatic cancer.
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Kidney cancer is when cells in either kidney begin to multiply at a fast rate. The most common type of kidney cancer is renal cell carcinoma, but there are many other different types.
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Sarcoma is cancer which occurs when cells begin to multiply at a fast rate. Soft tissue sarcoma is a rare form of cancer.
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Melanoma is less common than some other types of skin cancer, but it is more likely to grow and spread.
Non-melanoma skin cancer refers to all cancers that occur in the skin that are not melanoma.
Non-melanoma skin cancer
Melanoma skin cancer
Stomach cancer starts when the cells in the stomach begin to grow abnormally. Stomach cancer is also referred to as gastric cancer. The most common form of stomach cancer is adenocarcinoma. Lymphomas, gastrointestinal stromal tumors and carcinoid tumors are other forms of stomach cancer.
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Testicular cancer is when abnormal cells develop in a testicle. If testicular cancer is found early enough, with the help of self-examination, it is the most curable form of cancer.
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Bladder cancer occurs when there are abnormal, cancerous cells growing in the bladder. There are several types of bladder cancer, including transitional cell (urothelial) carcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.
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The uterus, also called the womb, is an organ in a woman's lower abdomen, between the bladder and the rectum. Uterine cancer is when the cells lining the uterus start to multiply when they do not need to. Cancer of the uterus can spread through the bloodstream or lymphatic system.
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