Bone cancer occurs when cells in the bone grow whether they need to or not. There are two types of bone cancer: primary, which is cancer that starts in the bone, and secondary, which is when the cancer spreads from the bone to other areas of the body.
Learn more about bone cancer treatments
Brain and central nervous cancer occurs when there is an abnormal growth of cells that start in the brain. There are several types of brain and central nervous cancer.
Learn more about treating brain cancer
Breast cancer occurs when the cells in the breast grow abnormally. Once breast cancer starts, it can spread to other parts of the body. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women.
Learn more about treating breast cancer
Cervical cancer occurs when cells in the cervix start to grow abnormally. There are several types of cervical cancer, but the most common forms are squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.
Learn more about treating cervical cancer
Colon and rectal cancer occurs when the cells in either the colon or rectum start to grow out of control. It usually begins as a polyp or growth of tissue. It is the third most common form of cancer for both men and women.
Learn more about colorectal cancer treatment
Esophageal cancer is when the cells in any part of the esophagus begin to abnormally grow at a fast rate. There are two types of esophageal cancer, squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.
Learn more about esophageal cancer treatment
Head and neck cancers
Head and neck cancer is an abnormal growth of cells that start in the head or neck region. This type of cancer can occur in the larynx, nasal cavity, oral cavity, paranasal sinuses, pharynx or salivary glands.
Learn more about treating head and neck cancers
Hodgkin lymphoma spreads in a predictable pattern and can spread to other organs in the body. These cancer cells only make up a small part of the cells in a cancerous lymph node.
Learn more about Hodgkin lymphoma treatment
Liver cancer is when cells in the liver grow at an abnormal pace. It is not the same as cancers that start somewhere else in the body and then spread to the liver.
Learn more about liver cancer treatment
Lung cancer usually starts in the lining of the bronchi when cells in the tissue begin to grow rapidly. This can also start in other areas of the lungs, such as the bronchioles or alveoli. This is the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women.
Learn more about lung cancer treatment
Melanoma is the rarest form of skin cancer. Melanoma occurs when skin cells called melanocytes begin to grow rapidly and abnormally. This type of skin cancer is most likely to spread to other areas of the body.
Learn more about treating melanoma
Multiple myeloma is a rare cancer that begins in a type of white blood cell called the plasma cell. When these cells become abnormal and grow rapidly, it turns into cancer.
Learn more about myeloma treatment
The ovaries have several layers of cells that make up the organs. Ovarian cancer is when cells in any of these layers begin to grow at a rapid and uncontrollable rate.
Learn more about ovarian cancer treatment
Pancreatic cancer occurs when a cell in the pancreas is damaged and this malignant (cancer) cell starts to grow out of control.
Learn more about pancreatic cancer treatment
Prostate cancer is when cells in the prostate change and grow out of control. These cells may form a tumor, noncancerous growth, atypical cells, cancer and metastatic cancer.
Learn more about prostate cancer treatment
Soft tissue cancer
Soft tissue makes up muscles, tendons, blood vessels, fat, nerves and deep skin tissues. Sarcoma is cancer which occurs when cells begin to multiply at a fast rate. Soft tissue sarcoma is a rare form of cancer.
Learn more about treating soft tissue cancer
Stomach cancer starts when the cells in the stomach begin to grow abnormally. Stomach cancer is also referred to as gastric cancer. The most common form of stomach cancer is adenocarcinoma. Lymphomas, gastrointestinal stromal tumors and carcinoid tumors are other forms of stomach cancer.
Learn more about stomach cancer treatment
Testicular cancer is when abnormal cells develop in a testicle. If testicular cancer is found early enough, with the help of self-examination, it is the most curable form of cancer.
Learn more about treating testicular cancer
Urethral cancer is a rare form of cancer that develops in the tube that carries urine from the bladder to an opening on the outside of the body.
Learn more about treating urethral cancer
The uterus, also called the womb, is an organ in a woman's lower abdomen, between the bladder and the rectum. Uterine cancer is when the cells lining the uterus start to multiply when they do not need to. Cancer of the uterus can spread through the bloodstream or lymphatic system.
Learn more about uterine cancer treatment