Adolescent medicine focuses on helping young adults adjust to physical, emotion and social changes and medical conditions that can occur at the same time as puberty.
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If your pediatrician has recommended that your child see a cardiologist, he or she may suspect your child’s heart is not functioning normally. Approximately 0.8% of children are born with congenital heart defect.
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If your child has chronic behavioral problems, trouble learning or developmental delays, he or she may be referred to a child development specialist for some extra help.
Learn more about child development
Cosmetic plastic and reconstructive surgery
Pediatric plastic and reconstructive surgery focuses on the diagnosis, treatment and long-term management of a spectrum of pediatric physical deformities, which may be present at birth, caused by trauma or result from an acquired disease.
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Ear, nose and throat (ENT)
Also called ear, nose, and throat (ENT) specialists, pediatric otolaryngologists treat disease and disorders that affect most of the senses, including your child’s ability to hear, smell, touch and taste.
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If your child has diabetes, problems with growth, or early or late puberty, your pediatrician may recommend that he or she see a pediatric endocrinologist. Because children are still growing, their problems are often quite different from those commonly seen by endocrinologists who treat adults.
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Pediatric gastroenterologists treat children who have conditions that affect the organs in the digestive system, including the stomach, liver and bowel. They also help children with feeding and eating issues. Some examples include food allergies, celiac disease, Crohn's disease and colitis, to name a few.
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Baylor Scott & White McLane Children's has the full range of cancer diagnostic and treatment facilities, including pediatric intensive care and outstanding pediatric surgery providing lifesaving care for our fragile patients.
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Imaging and radiology
A pediatric radiologist is a physician specialist who looks at X-rays, ultrasounds, CT scans, and other pictures of children’s bones and tissues to identify problems that may be causing a medical condition.
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Pediatric infectious disease specialists treat children with compromised immune systems and uncommon or serious infections. These can be infections that are difficult to identify, are hard to treat or are complicating another condition like prematurity or cancer.
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Pediatric mental health is a specialty that treats children and adolescents with behavioral, emotional and psychiatric disorders. The pediatric mental health team includes child psychiatrists, psychologists and professional counselors.
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Pediatric nephrologists are doctors who treat children with kidney disorders, complicated chemical imbalances, bone metabolism disorders and high blood pressure.
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A pediatric neurologist treats children with conditions that affect the nervous system, which includes the brain, nerves and spinal cord.
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At Baylor Scott & White McLane Children's, a pediatric neuropsychologist evaluates cognitive (thinking) problems such as communication, memory and attention can affect children in school and in life.
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When a pediatric neurologist exhausts treatment methods to successfully treat a child with a neurological disease, it may become necessary to consult a pediatric neurosurgeon to assess the child’s condition and create a surgical treatment plan.
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Pediatric podiatry focuses on caring for a child’s growing feet. Specialists are trained to diagnose and treat conditions related to normal and abnormal development of the feet and ankles.
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Pediatricians are trained in the specific conditions, diseases and disorders that affect children and coordinate with pediatric specialists for further care as needed.
Primary care services include:
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- Well-child exams
- Sports physicals
- Acute care for illness such as cold, strep throat, ear infections and flu
- Management of chronic illness in coordination with specialists
Pediatric pulmonologists treat children with breathing problems, including those caused by asthma and cystic fibrosis, which can be brief or lifelong and affect children of any age.
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Speech-language pathologists collaborate with other pediatric specialties to treat communication disorders in children.
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Pediatric surgeons operate on all children, from newborns to adolescents. Their expertise is essential, because a child is not a small adult. As a child grows, his or her anatomy changes, and a pediatric surgeon’s skills are needed to perform operations on delicate tissues and structures in his or her body.
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A pediatric urologist treats the urinary system, including the kidneys and bladder; in males, the genitals are included. Urinary conditions range from birth defects and difficulty urinating to infections and, less commonly, urinary stones that form in the bladder.
Learn more about urology